Detroit Faces Financial State of Emergency with $327 Million Deficit

A state-appointed review team has determined Detroit is in a financial emergency, paving the way for Republican Gov. Rick Snyder to appoint an emergency manager.

The team released its findings Tuesday, saying in a report to Snyder that "no satisfactory plan exists to resolve a serious financial problem."

Detroit faces a $327 million budget deficit in the current fiscal year and chronic cash-flow issues that have threatened to leave the city without money to pay its workers or other bills.

The review team pointed to the city's ongoing cash crisis. It noted that the city's total deficit could have reached more than $900 million in fiscal year 2012 if the city had not issued enormous amounts of debt; that Detroit has long-term liabilities of more than $14 billion; and that the city's bureaucratic structure make it difficult to solve the financial problems.

"The cash condition has been a strain on the city," said state Treasurer Andy Dillon, a member of the review team. "The city has been running deficits since 2005 ... (and) masking over those with long-term borrowing."

Each of the six review team members agreed on the financial emergency determination, Dillon said.

If the governor determines there is a financial emergency, Mayor Dave Bing would have 10 days to request a hearing under Michigan law. Snyder could then revoke his decision or appoint an emergency manager.

However, it wasn't immediately clear what affect such a decision would have. A new state law taking effect in just a few weeks gives local governments the chance to choose their own remedy when a review team finds a financial emergency exists. Those communities can request an emergency manager, ask for a mediator, file for bankruptcy or introduce a reform plan with the state.

If Detroit decides it wants a financial manager, that person would be responsible for overseeing all of the city's spending. Bing and the City Council would keep their jobs, but the manager would decide all financial matters. And only the manager would have the power to authorize the city to take the bankruptcy route.

Snyder did not immediately comment Tuesday on the review team's findings.

The Associated Press was seeking comment from Bing, but the first-term Democrat has said an emergency manager would do no better in correcting the city's financial condition and long-term structural problems without an infusion of cash from the state.

If Snyder moves ahead and appoints an emergency manager, Detroit would be the sixth and largest city in Michigan to have one. The cities of Benton Harbor, Ecorse, Pontiac, Flint and Allen Park are currently under state oversight. School districts in Detroit, Highland Park and Muskegon Heights also have managers.

The six-member review team began looking closely at Detroit's books in mid-December. Another team had done the same about 12 months earlier, but stopped short of declaring a financial emergency. That team's findings eventually led to a consent agreement in April between Snyder and Detroit Mayor Dave Bing.

Bing's administration has struggled in meeting some of the consent agreement requirements, partly due to conflicts with the City Council and a challenge to the deal by then-Detroit corporation counsel Krystal Crittendon. The City Council voted earlier this week to "unappoint" Crittendon from that position.

Copyright 2013 The Associated Press.

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